Miloslav Jelínek graduated from the Conservatoire in Kroměříž (prof. Miloslav Gajdoš) and then from the Janáček Academy of Music and Performing Arts in Brno (prof. Jiří Bortlíček). During his study he participated in a number of interpretation competitions and won a lot of awards.
Miloslav Jelínek was for 23 years a chief of the double bass group in the Brno Philharmonic Orchestra. At present he is professor at the Janáček Academy of Music and Performing Arts in Brno and at Music Academy Karol Lipinski in Wroclaw, Poland. He is founder and chairmen of the Czech Society of Double Bassists. He cooperates with many chamber ensembles - (for example Janáček String Quartet, Brindisi String Quartet, Wallinger Quartet). Every year in September he organizes International Double Bass Convention in Brno, Czech Republic. He has made a great number of radio, television and CD recordings (the last CD – Double Bass in Three Centuries of Music) and together with his wife Marcela Jelínková (piano) give extensively double bass recitals in the Czech Republic as well as abroad. He performs as soloist with symphony orchestras – (Brno Philharmonic Orchestra, Bohuslav Martinu Philharmonic Orchestra, Moravian Philharmonic Olomouc, Chamber Philharmonic Orchestra of South Bohemia, Brno Chamber Orchestra, Czech Chamber Soloists and many others). Also he is leader of the Brno Double Bass Orchestra. Miloslav Jelínek presents many contemporary pieces, which were written for him. For example Jiří Matys, Tony Osborne, Miloš Štědroň, František Emmert, Leoš Faltus and the other. From year 2008 Miloslav Jelínek is honorary professor at The China Conservatory of Music in Beijing.
Miloslav Jelínek is giving numerous clinics and master classes through the world (Denmark, Germany, Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Russia, Latvia, China, Singapore, USA etc...) and takes part at the international competitions as a member of a jury.